Cognitive Bias: Breaking Free from the Mind’s Traps

Cognitive bias refers to the ways our brains can sometimes take shortcuts or make mistakes in our thinking. Lets deep dive into it.

Cognitive Bias Introduction:

Cognitive bias refers to the ways our brains can sometimes take shortcuts or make mistakes in our thinking. It means that our minds have tendencies to jump to conclusions or rely on certain patterns of thinking that may not always be accurate or rational. These biases can affect how we perceive information, remember things, and make decisions.

Cognitive biases can affect various aspects of our thinking, including perception, memory, attention, and decision-making. They often occur automatically and unconsciously, influencing how we interpret and respond to information or situations.

Looks difficult to understand?

Lets understand it better, There are numerous types of cognitive biases, and they can manifest in different ways. Here are a few examples:

Confirmation Bias:

The tendency to seek, interpret, or remember information in a way that confirms pre-existing beliefs or hypotheses while ignoring or downplaying contradictory evidence.


Imagine that a person, let’s call them Alex, strongly believes that a specific brand of smartphones is the best on the market. Alex has used this brand for years and has always been satisfied with its performance.

Now, Alex comes across an online article claiming that a different brand of smartphones has recently released a new model with innovative features and better overall performance. However, instead of objectively considering the information, Alex unconsciously exhibits confirmation bias.

Alex searches for more information about the new smartphone model. but primarily focuses on sources that support their pre-existing belief that their current brand is superior. They selectively read positive reviews, testimonials, and comparison articles that confirm their existing viewpoint. They may even disregard or downplay any negative information or criticisms about the new model, simply because it contradicts their belief.

Availability Heuristic:

Let’s say you’re trying to estimate how common car accidents are. If you recently saw a news report about a car crash, you might think that car accidents happen all the time, even though they are relatively rare.

Your brain relies on the easily available information (the news report) rather than looking at the bigger picture, leading to an availability heuristic bias.

Anchoring Bias:

Imagine you’re shopping for a new phone, and you see an advertisement for a phone that’s $1000. Even if other phones have better features and are priced lower, your brain might anchor on that $1000 price point and consider it as the standard.

It can make it harder for you to consider other options objectively because you’re anchored to that initial information.

Bandwagon Effect:

Have you ever noticed that when a lot of people start doing or liking something, you feel inclined to do it too?

That’s the bandwagon effect. It’s when you adopt a belief or follow a trend simply because many others are doing it, without really thinking about it critically.

Overconfidence Bias:

Imagine you’re taking a test, and you’re absolutely sure you answered all the questions correctly. You might feel very confident about your performance, even if you made mistakes.

That’s overconfidence bias, where you have more faith in your abilities than what is actually true.

Framing Effect:

How information is presented can influence our decisions.

For example, if you hear that a glass is “half empty,” you might think of it negatively. But if you hear it’s “half full,” you might think of it positively, even though it’s the same amount of water.

The framing effect shows how the same information presented in different ways can change how we perceive it.

Hindsight Bias:

This bias occurs when, after an event has occurred, we tend to perceive it as having been more predictable than it actually was. We may believe that we “knew it all along” when, in reality, the outcome was uncertain or unpredictable.


Let’s say there is a popular reality TV show competition where contestants perform various challenges. Contestant A is known for being particularly skilled and has consistently performed well throughout the season. Contestant B, on the other hand, has had mixed performances, sometimes excelling and other times struggling.

Now, imagine that Contestant A performs exceptionally well in the final challenge and ultimately wins the competition. After witnessing this outcome, people might exhibit hindsight bias when they say things like, “Oh, it was obvious that Contestant A was going to win all along!”

Hindsight bias refers to our tendency to perceive events as more predictable than they actually were, but only after knowing the outcome. It is characterized by the belief that we “knew it all along” or that the outcome was inevitable when, in reality, the situation was uncertain or had multiple possible outcomes.

More Cognitive Bias:

Before you have any cognitive bias on this article let me stop here and take your feedback. Let me know if I need to create one more post to share more examples of cognitive bias.

Social skills – simple guidance on how to develop it – changeyourlife (

Life before the Internet: From Letters to Likes

Let us embark on a journey through time, exploring life before the internet and the remarkable transformation that followed.

Daily writing prompt
Do you remember life before the internet?

Introduction: Life before the Internet

Once upon a time, in an era not so long ago, the world existed without the sprawling digital landscape we know today. A time when the internet was merely a figment of imagination and our lives were governed by a different set of rules. Let us embark on a journey through time, exploring life before the internet and the remarkable transformation that followed.

Chapter 1: The Art of Communication

In this chapter, we delve into the world of communication before the internet. We encounter the humble landline telephone, where conversations were cherished and long-distance calls held a special significance.

We discover the anticipation and excitement of receiving handwritten letters, the ink-stained pages carrying the essence of distant friends and family. Communication was a slower, more deliberate art, where patience and anticipation were key.

Chapter 2: The Quest for Knowledge

Before the internet, the quest for knowledge was an arduous adventure. Libraries became our sanctuaries, where we immersed ourselves in dusty volumes, meticulously flipping through pages to unearth information.

Research required patience and dedication, with hours spent digging through card catalogs and meticulously citing sources. We ponder the immense transformation brought about by search engines and online databases, which have placed a wealth of information at our fingertips.

Chapter 3: Navigating the Physical World

In this chapter, we explore the ways people navigated the physical world before GPS and digital maps became commonplace. We recount the journeys that relied on paper maps, unfolded with care and spread across the dashboard, as adventurers navigated unknown territories.

We marvel at the reliance on intuition, landmarks, and asking strangers for directions. At time when getting lost often led to unexpected discoveries.

Chapter 4: Entertainment Unplugged

Before streaming services and social media dominated our screens, entertainment came in physical forms. We relive the nostalgia of gathering around the television, eagerly waiting for our favorite shows to air.

We reminisce about the joy of listening to the radio, where DJs spun tunes that spoke to our souls. and we recall the excitement of browsing through record stores, searching for hidden musical gems that would later fill our cassette tapes or vinyl collections.

Chapter 5: The Winds of Change

The climax of our story arrives as we witness the birth of the internet and the profound impact it has had on our lives. We explore the rapid evolution of communication, the explosive growth of social media, and the transformation of businesses worldwide. We marvel at the convenience of online shopping, the accessibility of knowledge, and the vast digital communities that connect us across borders.


As we close this chapter on life before the internet, we reflect on the profound changes brought about by this digital revolution. The world has become smaller, knowledge more accessible, and connectivity stronger than ever.

Yet, we also remember the beauty of a simpler time—a time when patience and human connection were paramount. As we navigate the ever-changing digital landscape, let us not forget the lessons and experiences that shaped our journey to this point.

Life before Internet

Ad Slogans: What we can learn about Life

Today let’s see how we can learn from Ad Slogans and apply these slogans in our day to day life and take inspiration from it.

When we watch television we normally avoid watching Advertisement. But if you watch the advertisement carefully and listen these Ad slogans, many of the Ads gives us understanding about life. We can apply those little slogan in our life and we can surely improve our life.

Here I have made an attempt to do the same I have collected some old and new Ad and Companies Slogans….. Let’s look at some of them and see what we can learn and apply from these slogans….

Brand or CompanySloganAssociation with Life
NikeJust Do ItThis slogan encourages us to take action and not let fear hold us back. It’s a reminder that we can achieve anything we set our minds to, as long as we’re willing to put in the work.
AppleThink DifferentThis slogan encourages us to think outside the box and challenge the status quo. It’s a reminder that we don’t have to follow the crowd and that we can be different if we want to be.
Coca-ColaOpen HappinessThis slogan is about finding joy in the simple things in life. It’s a reminder that we don’t need a lot of money or possessions to be happy. We can find happiness in the everyday moments, like spending time with loved ones or enjoying a delicious meal.
McDonald’sI’m Lovin’ ItThis slogan is about enjoying life and not taking things too seriously. It’s a reminder that we should all try to have a little fun every day.
Burger KingHave It Your WayThis slogan is about taking control of our lives and making our own choices. It’s a reminder that we don’t have to settle for anything less than what we want.
Mercedes-BenzThe Best or NothingThis slogan is about setting high standards for ourselves and never giving up on our dreams. It’s a reminder that we should always strive to be the best that we can be.
NikeThe Future is NowThis slogan is about living in the present moment and not dwelling on the past. It’s a reminder that we should make the most of every day and never take anything for granted.
US ArmyBe All You Can BeThis slogan is about reaching our full potential and never giving up on our dreams. It’s a reminder that we are capable of anything we set our minds to.
NikeWe BelieveThis slogan is about having faith in ourselves and our abilities. It’s a reminder that we can achieve anything we set our minds to, as long as we believe in ourselves.

Read other posts on the learnings from Ad Slogan:

Learning about Life from Ad Slogans… Part 1 – changeyourlife (

Learning about Life from Ad Slogans… Part 2 – changeyourlife (

Learning about Life from Ad Slogans… Part 3 – changeyourlife (

Having It All: Success and Fulfillment in Life

“Having it All” suggests striking a balance and finding satisfaction in multiple areas, without having to sacrifice one for the other.

Daily writing prompt
What does “having it all” mean to you? Is it attainable?


The concept of “having it all” typically refers to the idea of achieving success and fulfillment in various aspects of life simultaneously, such as career, relationships, family, personal growth, and well-being. It suggests striking a balance and finding satisfaction in multiple areas, without having to sacrifice one for the other.

The Meaning and perspective of “Having It All”

  • Overview of the concept’s core elements
  • Success in career and personal life
  • Balancing relationships, family, and personal growth
  • Achieving inner harmony and contentment
  • Individual interpretations and priorities
  • Diverse definitions based on personal desires
  • Cultural and societal influences on perceptions of success

However, the interpretation of “having it all” can vary from person to person, as individual desires and priorities differ. For some, it may involve excelling in a high-powered career while maintaining a fulfilling personal life. For others, it may mean pursuing meaningful passions or achieving a sense of inner harmony and contentment.

Attainability of “Having It All”

  • The subjective nature of attainability
  • Recognizing the need for trade-offs and compromises
  • Shifting priorities and adapting to different life stages

Whether or not “having it all” is attainable is subjective and depends on one’s personal definition of success and fulfillment. It’s important to recognize that life is a continuous journey with trade-offs and different seasons. It’s unlikely that every aspect of life will be in perfect balance and reach the pinnacle of success simultaneously. Priorities may shift over time, and individuals may need to make choices or compromises based on their circumstances and values.

Navigating the Journey towards “Having It All”

  • Cultivating self-awareness and clarifying personal values
  • Setting realistic and meaningful goals
  • Effective time management and prioritization
  • Embracing imperfections and learning from challenges

Redefining Success and Fulfillment

  • Emphasizing personal growth and well-being
  • Challenging societal expectations and redefining priorities
  • Creating a customized definition of success

Attaining a harmonious and fulfilling life often requires self-awareness, goal-setting, effective time management, and the ability to make intentional choices. It also involves recognizing that perfection is not achievable and embracing imperfections and challenges as part of the journey.


  • Acknowledging the subjectivity of “having it all”
  • Embracing the fluidity of life’s journey
  • Pursuing a balanced and fulfilling life based on personal aspirations and values

Ultimately, the concept of “having it all” is highly personal, and each individual must define what it means to them and work towards a life that aligns with their values and aspirations.

Read this post on Gratitude

Meaning of Gratitude and things we take for granted – changeyourlife (

Light Pollution – Why we can’t see stars

Light pollution occurs when there is too much artificial light from buildings, streetlights, and other sources, which makes the night sky too bright.

What is Light Pollution?

Light Pollution refers to the excessive or misdirected artificial light produced by human activities that brightens the night sky and interferes with our ability to see stars and other celestial objects. It is primarily caused by outdoor lighting fixtures, such as streetlights, buildings, and illuminated signs, that emit light upward and outward instead of directing it downward to illuminate the intended area.

Now, lets understand it in Simple terms, it occurs when there is too much artificial light from buildings, streetlights, and other sources, which makes the night sky too bright. This excess light makes it difficult to see stars and other objects in the night sky.

What are the reasons for Light Pollution:

Here are some reasons for light pollution and why we can’t see stars well these days:

  1. Bright Lights:
    The bright lights from cities and towns create a lot of glare, making it hard to see stars. It’s like when a bright light shines in your eyes and makes it difficult to see anything else.
  2. Too Much Light:
    With all the lights from buildings, streets, and signs, the night sky becomes brighter overall. This makes it harder for the faint light from stars to stand out.
  3. Light in the Air:
    The light from cities scatters in the atmosphere, bouncing off tiny particles and molecules in the air. This scattering makes the sky glow and makes stars appear fainter.
  4. Hazy Sky:
    Light pollution creates a kind of “haze” in the sky, making it harder to see stars clearly. It’s like looking through a foggy window that blurs your vision.

How we can control it:

To see stars better, lets helps to reduce light pollution. This can be done by using lights that point downward and are shielded, so the light doesn’t go up into the sky. Moreover,It’s also important to have regulations and rules about outdoor lighting to control brightness. By taking these steps, we can enjoy a darker, clearer sky and see the stars more easily

Let’s discuss this in details and see how you as a Citizen can contribute to reduce it.

Use energy efficient Product

  1. Use Proper Lighting:
    Ensure that your outdoor lighting fixtures are properly shielded and directed downwards. This helps to focus the light where it is needed and prevents unnecessary upward or outward light that contributes to light pollution.
  2. Use Energy-Efficient Lighting:
    Opt for energy-efficient lighting options such as LED bulbs. They consume less energy and should be directed more effectively, reducing the overall impact of pollution.
  3. Install Motion Sensors or Timers:
    Consider installing motion sensors or timers for your outdoor lights. This way, the lights will only be activated when necessary, minimizing the amount of time they are on and reducing pollution.

Your diligent actions to reduce Light Pollution

  1. Switch Off Unnecessary Lights:
    You should turn off lights which are not needed, both indoors and outdoors. With this simple action you can contribute in reducing overall light pollution and conserves energy.
  2. Advocate for Responsible Lighting:
    Raise awareness about the importance of responsible lighting in your community. Encourage neighbors, local businesses, and authorities to use properly shielded fixtures and promote lighting ordinances that minimize light pollution.
  3. Support Dark Sky Initiatives:
    Involve yourself in local dark sky initiatives or organizations working to protect and preserve dark skies. These groups often advocate for responsible lighting practices and work towards creating dark sky reserves or protected areas.
  4. Personal Actions:
    Make conscious choices to minimize your own light pollution impact. Close curtains or blinds at night to prevent indoor lights from spilling out.

By taking these steps, you can contribute to reducing light pollution in your community and help preserve the beauty of the night sky for everyone to enjoy.

Some statistics and Data on Light Pollution:


By now you know what are the main reasons why we could not see stars in night as we use to see in our childhood. Lastly, now you also know that how as a individual you can contribute to reducing Light Pollution and make our Sky Better.

In the next post we will discuss how can Government of a Country can contribute in reducing Light Pollution.

Light Pollution
Why we see less stars these days
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